How to choose power tool
The capabilities of the tool are largely dependent on the level of engine power. The higher this figure, the longer the mill will be able to work continuously without overheating.
In addition, devices with high power levels allow the use of cutters with the maximum possible length and diameter. However, it cannot be argued that the most powerful device will be considered the best. With the increase of this indicator increases the size and weight of the tool.
Given this pattern, the following types of wood routers are distinguished:
- Light – the weight of structures is 2-3 kg, and the power does not exceed 750 watts.
- Medium – the power level varies between 750-1500 W, while the weight is 3-5 kg, for example, the Bosch router 1400 ACE.
- Heavyweight of structures exceeds 5 kg, and power is in the range of 1500-2300 watts.
To perform work on a regular basis, experts recommend selecting a tool with a power of at least 1.5 kW. Such a tool is able to cope with the performance of any professional tasks, however, such an overall and heavy construction requires considerable effort on the part of the operator. Especially, if the job is performed by a beginner.
Helpful advice! When choosing a tool is very important to stick to the golden mean. Power of the router should not be too high, but sufficient to perform the tasks. It is necessary to take into account the duration of the device without interruptions, as well as the ability to process products made from hardwood.
Selection of the optimal rotational speed of the spindle for working as a manual router on wood
One of the most important technical characteristics of the wood router is the rotational frequency of the spindle. The higher the speed with which the cutter rotates, the higher the quality of the surface after processing.
If you need to get a very accurate result of working with a wood router, it is enough to reduce the speed. Some models are designed for processing plastic surfaces. To exclude the possibility of a material fusing, it is necessary to prevent overheating of the working area. To do this, use the tool in low-speed mode.
Most models have a rotational speed in the range of 20-30 thousand revs/min. This is an average option. Consumers can get as slower mills – 10-20 thousand rpm. and faster models – up to 35 thousand rpm.
Do not forget that the larger the size of the diameter of the cutter, the less should be the angular velocity of its rotation. The fact is that the linear speed of moving a point along the periphery of a circle is still quite high. Therefore, there is no need for excessive acceleration of the cutter, otherwise, it can lead to burning wood.
Before you work, you need to consider the following nuances:
- the size of the cutter that will be used at the moment.
- the density of the material from which the workpiece is made.
- the required depth of processing.
- wood router bits.
In view of the foregoing, it is better to select a tool that has the function of adjusting the speed. From this depends on the functionality of the router. The tuning system can be smooth or stepped (up to 8 levels of switching).
Many manufacturers specify the recommended values in the instructions that are attached to the instrument, but practical experience will also be useful. Based on it, you can choose the best device for yourself.
How to choose a wood router for wood depth processing
The stroke of the cutter is determined by the maximum depth to which it is able to immerse into the material. Light models of wood routers can deepen the nozzle by 2-5 cm.
The level of penetration in powerful tools is 7-8 cm. The higher the stroke rate, the deeper the cutter can plunge into the material. Devices with a high rate allow processing of wooden blanks of large thickness.